Microbes in Water

Article 1: Kenya: Assessing the impact of a school-based water treatment, hygiene and sanitation programme on pupil absence


Date: Posted on March 22, 2012

The article discuss about the increase attention to the access of water in developing countries, which particularly focus on schools in the developing countries. They conduct a research on pupil absence in Kenya. The results shows that there are no overall effect on the absence, however the geographical areas was not affected y post-election violence, shows that there is a decrease in the odds of absence for girls. The idea of conducting this experiment is to create awareness and promote School WASH improvements that can improve school attendance for girls, which also raise the awareness of the need of clean water in developing countries. 

Comments and Criticize about the Article

The Article raises the awareness of the need of clean water in developing countries. Where people in the developing countries still suffer from the lack of knowledge and equipment in water treatments. This raises the chance of people getting infected about diseases in unclean water. I believe that this Article effectively raise the needed of the need of hygiene education program in developing countries particularly targeted on children, which could effectively reduce the amount of people getting infected by unclean water.


The website is sited from a world-press organisation and it is mainly focused on the news about water and hygiene in Africa. It is really reliable as it provides names and date that the experiment is conducted, the results gained and also the article is also sited in different locations which increases the reliability of the article.

 Below is a video of the water problems that currently affecting Africa.

Article 2: Innovation Produces Clean Water From Bacteria, Dirt


The Article propose that The Life and Water Development Group Cameroon, also known as the LWDGC, with help from Engineers Without Borders of United Sates invented a simple device that taught technicians how to construct and install bio sand filters. The invention had lead to reduce in the deaths of people who suffered from infectious bacteria in developing countries. The techniques also the drinking water to slowly filters through the layers of naturally formed bacteria and sand at a rate of about one liter per minute which comes out clean, it can last as long as 12 months without the need of maintenance. This research has not only lead to solving the problem currently happening in developing countries but also makes everyone realizes that there is still a problem happening in developing countries.

Comments and Criticize about the Article

This Article provokes messages not only raising the awareness of the infectious diseases that happening in developing countries, but also reduce the costs needed for building pipes in developing countries and also allows to increase the education of water in developing countries. I believe that the bio sand filters help the community and saves the lives of people. The new technologies are currently been using in over six different villages in developing countries in Africa, providing wells and latrines for 23 schools which provides education about hygiene and sanitation practices. 


The website is from a organisation sited website which shows the reliability of the article, the article is also supported with evidence of people developing the new techniques and the new techniques can also be found in the web of Life and Water Development Group Cameroon, which shows the the Article is Reliable.

Below is a video of the lack of water resources in Africa:

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